HawkScan Test Info for Integer Overflow Error

Integer Overflow Error


Plugin Id: 30003 | CWE: 190


To mitigate the risk of an integer overflow error, the following steps can be taken:

  1. Input validation: Ensure that all user input is properly validated and sanitized before it is used in any calculations or operations. This includes checking for the maximum and minimum values that the integer can hold.

  2. Range checking: Implement range checking to ensure that the input value falls within the acceptable range for the integer variable. This can be done by comparing the input value against the maximum and minimum values that the integer can hold.

  3. Use of safe functions: Instead of using standard arithmetic operations, consider using safe functions or libraries that handle integer overflow conditions automatically. These functions perform checks and handle overflow errors gracefully.

  4. Data type selection: Choose the appropriate data type for the variable based on the expected range of values. For example, if the variable is expected to hold only positive values, consider using an unsigned integer data type.


An integer overflow error occurs when an integer variable, which has not been properly checked from the input stream, is used within a compiled program. This vulnerability arises when the value assigned to an integer exceeds the maximum value that the data type can hold. As a result, the integer “wraps around” and can lead to unexpected behavior or security vulnerabilities.


The risks associated with an integer overflow error include:

  1. Data corruption: When an integer overflows, it can result in data corruption or loss. This can lead to incorrect calculations, unexpected program behavior, or even system crashes.

  2. Security vulnerabilities: Integer overflow errors can be exploited by attackers to gain unauthorized access, execute arbitrary code, or cause a denial-of-service (DoS) condition. By manipulating the input values, an attacker can trigger an overflow and potentially exploit the vulnerability.

  3. Memory corruption: In some cases, an integer overflow can lead to memory corruption. This can result in buffer overflows, which can be exploited to execute arbitrary code or gain control over the affected system.

It is crucial to identify and remediate integer overflow vulnerabilities to ensure the integrity, security, and stability of the software system.